Search Engine

22 July, 2008

Pond Water Circulation 02 – Sources and Some Factors that Affecting

There are several kinds of water source which is inserted into the pond, depending on a technology and location where a pond is located. Some water sources and commonly used methods in pond water circulation processes, are among others:

  1. Sea-waters which is entered directly into a pond with supported by tidal or through tools such as water pumps. This method is used on the ponds that are relatively close to or facing to sea directly and need to pay attention to condition and quality of sea waters before entered into the pond directly. In the ponds which are uses water pump as supported will require a high investment for installation of water pumps which are assembled with water pipes to coastal boundary, whereas in terms of land this means vulnerable to of sea waters erosion to land of pond.

  2. The river waters which is still brackish and entered directly into the pond with supported by tidal or through tools such as water pumps. This method is commonly used in ponds that are located relatively far from the sea or near the sea and rivers with considerations is the water pump installation are relatively simpler than taking water directly from the sea. This method is prone to sedimentation and pollution of waste stream originating from both households and industries around the river area.

  3. Reservoir system, which is mapped pond that is created as a reservoir of sea water or river water as water input source to ponds. In this system, the water in a reservoir is usually given a technical treatment before inserted into the pond, so the quality of water that entered already controlled in terms of quantity and quality. This system can be said a ideally method for shrimp culture activities due to water from the sea has been deposited and all factors that harm for shrimp activities have been minimized through technical treatment that has been given.

  4. Recycle waters system, there is a water recycling process from water outlet channel and recovered into the reservoir through a sterilization process and serve as an water input source to pond. This method commonly used in ponds, which is relatively far from the sea or rivers or in case of sea water and rivers are experiencing the problems so it does not allow for entered into the pond. It can be said his is the most susceptible to problems than some other way, because water disposal which entered back into the pond is a dirty water despite its through sterilization process.
In addition to water input source as described above, the water circulation will also require pond water outlet channels that serve not only to regulate volume of pond water as well to remove dirt and mud at pond bottom. Some factors that influencing the pond water disposal process and should be considered, are among other:
  1. Design and construction of pond bottom with the waters outlet channels is enable to smooth circulation of pond water and not allowing to cause blockage in the channels.

  2. The water outlet channels are higher than the lowest tide conditions, so that in pond water disposal process did not experience constraints caused by tidal.

  3. The water outlet channels must be equipped with door / water pipes of disposal that can be used to adjust drainage of pond bottom, mid and surface water.

  4. The water outlet channels especially at central part has a filter that can prevent exit / escape shrimps at a time of pond water disposal process.

  5. The water outlet channels must be separated with a source of pond water input so that no contamination of the water to be used in the cultivation process.

  6. The water outlet channels as much as possible related to river or particular channels so that dirt and mud of ponds that are discarded can be washed up and not settle in one place which caused water outlet channels sedimentation.
Pond water circulation system which is supported by adequate water inlet and water outlet systems will support smooth circulation of water in the pond water quality management activities.

If you liked this post, please push this button Subscribe in a reader

Related Post :

  1. Pond Water Circulation - 01 – The Logical Basic
  2. Pond Water Fertilization – 02 – The Kind and Method
  3. Pond Water Fertilization – 01 - Background
  4. Pond Water Inoculation – 2 - The Method
  5. Pond Water Inoculation – 1 - Background
  6. Shrimp Predators and Competitors Within Pond Water
  7. Identification of Pond Water Quality Problems - 02
  8. Identification of Pond Water Quality Problems - 01
  9. The Methods of Pond Water Quality Management - Concept
  10. Pond Water Transparency -1
  11. Pond Water Quality Management - Concept 02
  12. Pond Water Quality Management - 01
  13. Phosphorescency Pond Waters
  14. “Dust” Within Pond Waters
  15. Beware of The Rainy Season
  16. Foamy Pond Waters
  17. The Importance of Water Reservoir
  18. Why Does The Shrimps Convoy ?

No comments: