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29 May, 2008

Shrimp Feeding Frequency

Shrimp feeding frequency is one part of a feeding program that has a strategic role in determining the success of a feeding program at a cultivation period. Feeding frequency can be interpreted as the number of times a given feeding activities in one day.

Shrimp feeding frequency needs to be formulated based on following thoughts:
  1. Level of shrimp needs to feed is relatively constantly changing (volatile) based on time.

  2. Shrimp appetite relatively different between morning, afternoon, evening and nigh.

  3. Avoid over-feeding, because feeding frequency is a daily program, so that feeding can adjust to the level of shrimp need.
Preparation of feeding frequency is a continuous program in one cycle cultivation, there is from fry dispersive until harvested shrimp. In preparing feeding frequency is required accuracy, and carefulness of observation on the the actual needs level of shrimp at a time. Some aspects that need to be considered include the following variables:
  1. Natural feed availability at the dispersive fries time. As noted in previous discussions, the availability of natural feed in the pond will determine the amount of artificial feed needs to be provided. In an effort to avoid feed shortages caused by natural feed supplies that have been depleted / exhausted, it needs to be done blind feeding that has been described in discussion of the feeding program.

  2. Amount of feed per day (P / H), ie the total number of feed given in one day.

  3. The size of feed, which feed on grain size according to shrimp age in ponds.

  4. Feeding time, ie time allocated to feeding in one day. Allocation of time is what is called the feeding frequency.

  5. Percent of feed, which shows what percentage of feed to be given in one-time feeding compared with a total amount of feed per day.

  6. Percent in ancho. Ancho is one tool that is made from nylon gauze) shaped box with a specific size and used as a controller feeding programs, growth and quality of shrimp on a daily / incidental. Percent in the ancho, show what percentage of the amount of feed that is placed on ancho compared with the total amount of given feed at one time within apond. This variable is used as benchmark whether the feed has been given at that time are consumed or not by shrimps.

  7. Time control of feed in the ancho. This variable is a time limit used as standard in the decision whether or not the feed that has been given.
Some aspects of above are the variables that need to be considered in preparing the feeding frequency. As an illustration of an example of feed program can viewed on Example of Shrimp Feed Frequency.

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