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21 April, 2010

Shrimp Culture News of The Months - 6

Indonesian Shrimp Farming Need Regulation

Various parties urged the Indonesia Government to immediately issue regulations related to aquaculture activities of national standards that prioritize environmental aspects and the welfare of farmers, especially in intensive ponds of shrimp export commodities.

Because, without any intervention from the government, the government can not be on sanctions firms that violate ponds aquaculture practices in accordance with the certification issued by the pond through corporate schemes.

This mentioned in a journalists conference about the activities of shrimp ponds, which held the People's Coalition for Justice Fisheries (Kiara) and Shrimp Farmers Association (P3UW) in Environment Forum (WALHI) Office in Jakarta.

Riza Damanik as Kiara Chairman said, the certification issued by the importer had been ideal, covering up the preservation of nature, labor, through sustainable farming practices. However, the certification issued by private schemes to the private (public to public / p to p) it has no legal sanction threats.

As a result, the evaluation process is not transparent, especially when the pond company did not carry out their responsibilities. "If the government has the legal instruments themselves, farmers could be reported when discovered cultivation practices that violate the provisions," he said.

In addition, he said, without regulation, the government could not restrict the activities of business monopoly conducted by multinational shrimp farming corporations in Indonesia.

As indicated by PT Central Proteinaprima (CP Prima) to take over and manage a number of intensive shrimp ponds in Lampung and South Sumatera "More than 60% of national shrimp production per year is managed by them," he said.

According to him, letting the action of the monopoly impact on uncontrolled expansion of shrimp farming industries. The rate of conversion of mangroves into shrimp ponds in Indonesia continues to escalate. Kiara count, the rate of conversion of mangroves into shrimp ponds has currently reached 6.7% per year.

According to him, due to the absence of that prophylactic regulation, in the period 2005 till now Indonesia has also proved to be a strong bargaining value to keep the prices of shrimp products exported to other countries that benefit to shrimp farmers.

Source : Media Indonesia

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