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21 September, 2010

Shrimp Culture News of The Month 08

Indonesia - Awaken the Fanaticism to Windu Shrimp
Trobos, 1 Agustus 2010

The spirit and love of Endi Muchtarudin to windu shrimp (windu) or Penaeus Monodon should be appreciated. Although today many farmers are shifting to raise vannamei shrimp (vannamei), the experienced windu farmer from Karawang remains with his farming.

He then told, in the 1980s until 2000 windu really reached its glory, but since 2000 this glory disappeared.

"At the time was the windu pond was attacked by white spot virus rendering the decrease in its production," said Endi quietly about the cause the sluggish windu raising in recent years.

Now 7 hectares of his land area for windu pond is used as a place of study and research of windu. "I want windu revives. I therefore invited researchers to examine the windu farming in my pond," said Endi.

For Endi, windu is the Indonesian indegenous national shrimp and it is a must for shrimp farmers to increase its bargaining power. "People overseas also recognize that our windu is more delicious," said Endi with the full spirit of nationalism. According him, small profit margins and considerable risks are reason of many farmers to shift to vannamei shrimp.

He explained, the production costs of windu currently ranges from Rp 40.000-50000 per kg, while the selling price of 40 heads per kg for the local market is only Rp 55.000, so the profit margin is about Rp 5.000 – 15.000 per kg.

"For those farmers, such margin is less proportional to the high risk in the cultivation process that is still haunted by disease and low productivity degree. But they did not realize that when it is sold for export, the price per kg in the ponds may reach US$ 9.2 or about Rp 90.000 per kg, "he said confidently that windu is still prospective.

Adding to the statement of Endi, Ketut Sugama - Director of Cultivated Fishery Raising (Ministry of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries) argued, productivity is one of reasons for many farmers shifting to vannamei windu. Please imagine, per plot of vannamei may yield up to 20 tons, while windu is only 2 tonnes. It means that the productivity of windu is one tenth of vannamei. "Although the price is higher than vannamei, but farmers are business oriented and they prefer the most profitable one based on the productivity and demand," he explained.

Director of Cultivated Fishery Proudction, Iskandar Ismanadji, agreed with the explanation of Endi and Ketut. According to him, windu farmers could not wait any longer the revival of windu and as the final alternative solution they ultimately choose vannamei.

"Now there are only fanatical windu farmers left. But I'm sure that those already shifting will back to windu again. So, we slowly introduce polyculture to them. This is simple cultivation technology but having added value since besides yielding windu, bandeng fish and seaweed Gracilaria can also be produced, "he said convincingly.

Source: Trobos